Inflammation of the bowels: What diet is recommended?
What to eat in case of intestinal inflammation?What the ideal nutrition plan for intestinal inflammation looks like depends largely on the type, duration and intensity of the symptoms. In the case of mild symptoms, it is initially helpful to eat several small instead of large, rich meals. An irritated stomach or intestine copes better with the small portions. It also helps to do good preparatory work for further processing in the gastrointestinal tract when the food is already being broken down: Thorough chewing facilitates the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
In intestinal inflammation there is no optimal diet plan. For a sensitive stomach or intestine, spicy, sour, too hot or too cold foods are generally unsuitable, as they irritate the mucous membrane. For mild to moderate complaints, a normal but light whole diet is recommended. A severe, advanced inflammation of the intestines may require a liquid diet. After an operation, artificial tube feeding is often necessary.
The most important thing in a diet for intestinal inflammation is to try it out: Test what is good for you and what you should better do without. It is important that you keep a nutrition diary so that you can understand exactly what you can tolerate well and poorly. Often complementary sports activities lead to a better well-being. If you have a food intolerance, for example against fructose or gluten, it is better not to experiment with the corresponding foods in order to protect your stomach and intestine.
Nutrition in case of intestinal inflammation: Which foods are well tolerated?
Fruit and vegetables such as zucchini, fennel, banana, apple or pear are low in acid and are therefore considered well tolerated if there are gastrointestinal problems. This also applies to spices and herbs such as caraway, aniseed, coriander or lemon balm. Depending on individual tolerance, low-fat dairy products can be easily digestible.
You should avoid the following foods:
- raw vegetables
- fruit juice
- citrus fruits
- fatty meat
- oily fish
- hot spices
- carbonated drinks