Inflammation of the bowels: What diet is recommended?

The correct nutrition plays a decisive role in intestinal inflammation, because it can relieve symptoms or promote recovery. In general, you should only eat foods that are good for your stomach and intestines. In the best case, the right diet can alleviate or even prevent symptoms such as diarrhoea, stomach cramps or nausea. Even if it is not yet certain if and which chronic bowel disease you have, a stomach-friendly diet makes sense.

What to eat in case of intestinal inflammation?

What the ideal nutrition plan for intestinal inflammation looks like depends largely on the type, duration and intensity of the symptoms. In the case of mild symptoms, it is initially helpful to eat several small instead of large, rich meals. An irritated stomach or intestine copes better with the small portions. It also helps to do good preparatory work for further processing in the gastrointestinal tract when the food is already being broken down: Thorough chewing facilitates the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
In the case of intestinal inflammation, a diet that is gentle to the stomach is recommended. If you eat light foods, make sure that you always have sufficient nutrients - even if you only eat small amounts. Light food is also high in fibre, low in fat and acid and easy to digest. An affected gastrointestinal tract needs a light diet so that it can recover and is not irritated any further.

In intestinal inflammation there is no optimal diet plan. For a sensitive stomach or intestine, spicy, sour, too hot or too cold foods are generally unsuitable, as they irritate the mucous membrane. For mild to moderate complaints, a normal but light whole diet is recommended. A severe, advanced inflammation of the intestines may require a liquid diet. After an operation, artificial tube feeding is often necessary.

The most important thing in a diet for intestinal inflammation is to try it out: Test what is good for you and what you should better do without. It is important that you keep a nutrition diary so that you can understand exactly what you can tolerate well and poorly. Often complementary sports activities lead to a better well-being. If you have a food intolerance, for example against fructose or gluten, it is better not to experiment with the corresponding foods in order to protect your stomach and intestine.

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Nutrition in case of intestinal inflammation: Which foods are well tolerated?

In case of intestinal inflammation, a diet with unsweetened tea (e.g. black tea or chamomile), oatmeal, low-fat broth, rice, rice waffles, white bread, rusk or mashed potatoes is recommended.

Fruit and vegetables such as zucchini, fennel, banana, apple or pear are low in acid and are therefore considered well tolerated if there are gastrointestinal problems. This also applies to spices and herbs such as caraway, aniseed, coriander or lemon balm. Depending on individual tolerance, low-fat dairy products can be easily digestible.

You should avoid the following foods:

  • avocados
  • fatty meat
  • oily fish
  • hot spices
  • coffee
  • alcohol
  • carbonated drinks
What food triggers in intestinal inflammation also depends on the preparation method of the food. Boiled or steamed vegetables are particularly gentle and well tolerated. However, you should avoid the following:

oily

roasted

fried

smoked

INTEST.pro: Individual nutritional plan in case of intestinal inflammation

A stool examination using the intestinal test INTEST.pro provides information about abnormalities in the stomach and intestines. For example, the test shows whether you have sufficient bifidobacteria. These are important because they inhibit certain inflammatory reactions in the intestine. In addition, a healthy intestine should have sufficient vitamin B12. Since a person cannot produce the vitamin himself, he needs bacteria to do this for him. For this reason, it can be helpful to regularly consume dairy products that contain exactly this type of bacteria.
The detailed evaluation shows you how your intestinal bacteria are doing. You will find the results all in your personal and protected Login area. This includes detailed statements about the following: