Intestinal inflammation and its symptoms

Bowel inflammation are very unspecific. This makes it so difficult to recognize the disease immediately. For this reason, a thorough examination by a doctor is essential; he can identify the symptoms of intestinal inflammation and thereafter recommend treatment. Which signs and complaints appear most frequently?

Inflammation of the bowel symptoms: Which are typical?

Inflammation of the intestines manifests itself differently in each person affected: While one person has the entire set of symptoms, the other is lucky and has only a few complaints. Which bowel inflammation symptoms actually occur depends on the individual circumstances. The typical signs of intestinal inflammation are:

stomach cramps and pain

Depending on the cause of the inflammation, either the entire abdominal cavity or certain areas can react with pain.


If the intestine is inflamed, the intestinal walls are often irritated. As a result, they are no longer able to absorb any fluid from food. As a result, the patient's stool does not thicken and diarrhoea occurs.

loss of appetite / nausea / vomiting

Pain in the gastrointestinal tract often causes people affected to feel less hungry and eat less. Especially in combination with diarrhoea, the affected person should ensure that he or she drinks enough so that the body does not dehydrate.

general ill feeling / fatigue / exhaustion

Constant pain or nausea will take away the strength of the person affected. It is not uncommon for inflammatory bowel disease to show symptoms such as fatigue and exhaustion. In addition, headache and aching limbs can be symptoms.


If continuous fever occurs, an immediate visit to the doctor is necessary. If an affected person ignores this symptom, he or she may risk his or her life in acute cases.
The affected person should observe exactly which complaints occur in which situations. Does he notice signs also or only with psychological stress, for example in private or professional stress situations? Or do complaints appear especially after eating certain foods? This can be an indication of food intolerances and allergies.

Identifying intestinal inflammation and treating it correctly

People often misinterpret their symptoms, ignore them or try to treat them themselves. But this is not always the right way. Because with the wrong medication or without treatment, the symptoms only become stronger, the inflammation spreads to other areas of the stomach or intestine and becomes chronic.

Many forms of intestinal inflammation are easily treatable if a correct diagnosis has been made previously. Depending on the severity and type of inflammation, different treatment options may be considered. In severe inflammations, antibiotic therapy is often the right choice. In the case of chronic intestinal inflammations, however, the symptoms occur in episodes. Therefore, Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis are treated with medication that weakens the episodes. It is not possible to cure both intestinal diseases. The aim is to inhibit the inflammations, to keep the pain as low as possible and to prevent cramps and diarrhoea.

Follow up the symptoms of intestinal inflammation with

In addition to medical consultations, a examination of the gastrointestinal tract, ultrasound and blood tests or a gastrointestinal endoscopy, a stool examination can also contribute to assigning symptoms of intestinal inflammation.

For the intestinal examination only a small stool sample is necessary. The experts in the BIOMESlaboratories analyse your stool sample in detail according to the latest biotechnological standards1 and prepare the results for you in a Dashboard.

There you will find out whether there are anomalies in your intestinal flora To keep the bacteria of your intestinal flora in their natural state of balance, it is mainly the bacterial diversity that counts. In addition, the proportion of harmful bacteria (proteobacteria) should be as low as possible, because they can cause complaints, including inflammation.

If the test reveals a certain predisposition, intolerance or intestinal diseases, you should get to the bottom of your symptoms with a doctor.

1. Cao Y, Fanning S, Proos S, Jordan K and Srikumar S. A Review on the Applications of Next Generation Sequencing Technologies as Applied to Food-Related Microbiome Studies. Front.