Stomach problems can adversely affect your quality of life. After all, the bowels have a big influence on overall health and well-being. The intestinal flora is unique in every human being. That is why, for example, one person digests legumes well while others do not.
Stomach problems often occur when intestinal flora is out of balance. Some intestinal diseases are still a mystery to doctors and scientists while others are understood well.

Flatulence as a classic intestinal complaint

Not all intestinal problems are caused by an intestinal disease. Intestinal flora can get out of balance due to various influences. Antibiotics, for example, are known to change the composition of the intestinal flora. If you eat an unbalanced diet, don’t exercise, or drink too much alcohol, this can also lead to problems.

We all know a stomach problem, called "meteorism," which we commonly refer to as a bloated belly. This can be, at the very least, unpleasant and, sometimes, even really painful. Flatulence is caused either by too much ingested air or by gas accumulation in the intestines. Most of the time, food and beverages such as legumes, onions, fatty foods, carbonated drinks, or fresh bread are to blame.

If you get bloated every now and again after a meal, there's no need to worry. In these cases, you should avoid flatulence causing foods, eat slowly, and drink plenty of water. Warmth and abdominal massages can also bring relief.

Frequent stomach problems

Occasional flatulence, constipation, or diarrhoea may not be the result of intestinal disease. However, if these symptoms occur frequently, it is likely that they are the symptoms of an intestinal disease.

Here you can get an overview of frequently occurring intestinal diseases::

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

So-called irritable bowel syndrome is, strictly speaking, not a bowel disease, but a syndrome. Various intestinal disorders come together and cause symptoms such as diarrhoea, abdominal pain, constipation, or bloating. The causes behind irritable bowel syndrome are not clear. However, the following factors can play a role

  • Psychological factors (anxiety, overload, grief)
  • Unusual diet (for example, what you eat on vacation)
  • Previous gastrointestinal flu
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Consumption of stimulants (cigarettes, coffee, alcohol)
  • Imbalance of the intestinal flora (dysbiosis)

Doctors diagnose irritable bowel syndrome using the exclusion procedure. If all typical examinations such as laboratory tests, ultrasound or colonoscopy do not reveal any abnormalities, an irritable bowel syndrome is obvious.

Crohn's disease

Chronic inflammatory bowel disease can affect your entire digestive tract from the mouth to anus. However, the lower small intestine and the upper large intestine are frequently inflamed. Just like irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often varied. This intestinal disease occurs in episodes that are unpredictable. The most common symptoms are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain in the lower right abdomen
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of weight

It is not yet clear how Crohn's disease develops. It is assumed that this is due to an autoimmune disorder. There are also some indications that this is hereditary.

Ulcerative Coilitis

Similar to Crohn's disease, ulcerative coilitis is an intestinal disease that is from the chronic inflammatory intestinal In this case, however, only the colon is affected by inflammation and not the entire digestive tract. In many cases, the disease starts in the rectum and then spreads to the large intestine.

Ulcerative Colitis takes an episodic course and it is possible that months or even years pass without symptoms. Since symptoms are similar to those of Crohn's disease, your doctor must first make a precise diagnosis. The causes of this intestinal disease are also unclear, but it is probably due to an autoimmune disease. It is possible that viruses and bacteria also play a role.

Which stomach problems can be life-threatening?

In rare cases, bowel diseases can lead to complications. With Crohn's disease, intestinal obstruction is a possible complication that must be treated immediately. The formation of scars after a relapse can lead to constrictions which, in the worst-case scenario, can lead to intestinal obstruction. It is also possible that intestinal ruptures may occur where objects in the intestine can enter the abdominal cavity and can trigger life-threatening infections. In such emergencies, you must seek immediate medical treatment.

Complications are also possible with ulcerative colitis. Not only can intestinal perforation occur, but also a toxic megacolon. This, in turn, can lead to a life-threatening intestinal obstruction. In some cases, this can also lead to bleeding in the intestine which can lead to severe blood loss. If this happens, blood transfusions and surgery may be necessary.

How's the health of your intestinal flora?

You can prevent many stomach problems with healthy intestinal flora. The intestinal flora is made up of billions of microorganisms. In fact, up to two kilograms of microbes live in your intestine. It is important that the "good" intestinal bacteria dominate.
How do you learn about the state of your intestinal flora?
With BIOMES you have access a precise intestinal analysis. With . With from BIOMES, you can find out what bacteria currently make up your intestinal flora. The accuracy of this test is unique among European suppliers. Here are some advantages of an intestinal analysis:

As soon as you know exactly how your bowels are doing, you can take the appropriate action. Bring your intestinal flora back into balance and increase your well-being of the whole body.