Treat irritable bowel syndrome: These options are available
Irritable bowel syndrome: Before treatment comes the diagnosis
In order to treat irritable bowel correctly, it is important that a doctor excludes all other typical intestinal diseases. These include chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. For this it is essential that the doctor knows the symptoms present. Only then is it possible to treat the irritable bowel correctly.
For this reason, it makes sense to keep a nutrition diary in which all meals, snacks and drinks are recorded. If complaints occur after a meal, this must also be noted in the nutrition diary together with the time of occurrence. The same applies to the intensity of the symptoms. In addition, it makes sense to record phases of particular psychological stress in the diary.
- cramps in stomach and intestines
In principle, the human digestive system requires certain bacteria for its functions. Bacteria are therefore by no means always harmful to health, but are enormously important for the digestive tract. However, it depends on the type of bacteria: If the proportion of harmful intestinal bacteria predominates, the intestinal equilibrium gets disturbed. Further causes for inflammations or an irritation of the intestine can be a genetic preloading, various environmental factors as well as a weakened immune system.
Which therapy makes sense for irritable bowel syndrome?There are several therapeutic approaches that can be used to treat irritable bowel syndrome. However, it is not possible to heal an irritable bowel yet. The aim of the treatment is therefore to alleviate the symptoms or prevent their occurrence. In the case of acute symptoms, medication may be appropriate. In the long term, a change in diet and psychotherapy can bring success.
Spasmodic, muscle-relaxing medications relieve gastrointestinal cramps. So-called spasmolytics such as nifedipine, mebeverine or butylscopolamine are commonly used. At the same time, they have an analgesic effect. Who would like to counteract pain and cramps with natural means, should try peppermint and caraway oil. For diarrhoea, antidiarrhoea remedies such as Loperamid are used, for severe flatulence or bloating so-called defoamers such as Simeticon. Constipation can be counteracted by eating foods rich in fibre – for example psyllium seeds or linseed.
- Hot and strongly seasoned foods can irritate the stomach and intestines. Therefore, meals should only be mildly seasoned.
- Existing food intolerances must be considered in the diet.
- Avoid foods that cause flatulence such as cabbage and legumes.
- Carbonated beverages, alcohol and too much coffee can cause irritable bowel symptoms.