Colitis ulcerosa: Which diet is the right one?

Anyone who has ulcerative colitis will have wondered whether the diet affects this chronic intestinal inflammation. Are there any foods that could help the onset of the disease? Which foods prevent a relapse and prevent discomfort? Do I need more of certain nutrients than people who do not suffer from ulcerative colitis? These and other questions are raised by many people who have been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis.

Anyone who deals with this topic will soon discover that the effects of diet in ulcerative colitis have not yet been exhaustively researched . Besides it concerns thereby a very individual affair. The science assumes today that the nutrition does not strongly influence the emergence, but the course of a ulcerative colitis.

So you don't get ulcerative colitis because you ate something wrong. However, it is possible to do good for the inflamed intestine with the right foods. The crucial point, however, is that there is no defined diet that helps all patients with colitis-ulcerosa equally. Which foods can be tolerated by those affected and which cannot is very different from person to person. However, there are some recommendations on what to pay attention to in the diet for ulcerative colitis so that the inflamed intestine is not exposed to additional stress.

Diet for ulcerative colitis: finding out what does one good

As in the other areas of ulcerative colitis therapy speople affected should also seek help with their diet. A first step can be a discussion with the treating doctor. Keeping a nutrition diary can also be helpful. For example, it is useful to take note of the following:

  • Type and number of meals
  • Name and dosage of the medication taken against intestinal inflammation
  • severity of symptoms.

The observations recorded in the diary can be used to find out which foods are good for the intestines and which are not at all. Food intolerances such as fructose or lactose intolerance can also be detected this way. In particular, lactose intolerance is more common in ulcerative colitis.

Ulcerative Colitis Diet: This is Recommended

Patients with chronic bowel inflammation must always make sure that they are not malnourished and suffer from deficiency symptoms. A nutrient-rich diet and a sufficient calorie intake are therefore very important. In order to ensure an adequate supply of vitamins and minerals, the diet should consist to a large extent of the following components:
Basically, this is a diet that is also good for the intestines of healthy people. It is often recommended not to eat a diet high in fat, alcohol or meat. Milk fats and coconut fat are even suspected of triggering a relapse of the disease. Particular attention should be paid to the supply of zinc and iron. On the one hand these two minerals strengthen the immune defence, on the other hand ulcerative colitis patients often suffer from an iron deficiency.

Diet during a colitis-ulcerosa episode

In an acute phase of the disease, those affected should pay more attention to their diet. In order to relieve the inflamed intestine, some patients have to switch to liquid diet. If the episode is particularly bad, a parenteral diet in which the nutrients enter the bloodstream directly via infusion can help. The intestine is spared and can heal at rest.

However, liquid or parenteral nutrition is not always necessary for every patient. Often it is sufficient for patients to switch to bland diet. This consists of light foods such as oat porridge, which are characterised by the following properties:
Also food that cause flatulence such as cabbage, which would unnecessarily strain the intestines, should be avoided.

Extra tip for intestinal health

All dietary recommendations for ulcerative colitis should be tried out by patients themselves. This is the best way to find out which diet works best. In any case, it makes sense to try probiotic cultures, which are found naturally in yoghurt and kefir, for example. Regular intake of such cultures, which is also possible with the help of probiotic dietary supplements, has shown promising success in the therapy of ulcerative colitis. In each case they support the intestinal flora, at which a chronic inflammation does not pass naturally without leaving a trace. The state of the intestinal flora can be easily determined with INTEST.pro from BIOMES. This test is used to examine the microbiome, the totality of microorganisms in the intestine. Simply order the test, take a stool swab at home and send it in. The detailed test result also contains useful tips for a healthy bowel.